Filicudi is a very ancient place and it is the fifth largest island of the Aeolian archipelago. The first area of Filicudi to be inhabited was Piana del Porto, during the Neolithic Age (III millennium BC), that area currently connects the mountain of Capo Graziano to the rest of the island.
5000 years ago, the people of Filicudi adhered to the ancient culture of Diana; ceramic fragments from that period have survived up to the present day and are preserved in the Archaeological Museum of Lipari (in Filicudi though you can find a small detachment of the Museum). Nevertheless, the population of Filicudi struggled to defend the island and its prosperity against the many attacks coming from the sea. The Aeolians thus moved to the mountain of Capo Graziano and to Montagnola, both in strategic defensive positions.
The Greeks settled in Filicudi during the 6th / 5th century BC while the passage of the Romans in the island has been witnessed by the discovery of several Roman wrecks with their entire loads on board in the waters around the Filicudi and by the presence of remains of Roman houses at “Le Punte”.
The development of the island
Filicudi therefore underwent a process of repopulation. Pliny says that the island was used to graze the herds and livestock of the other islands. What happened afterwards is still unknown. Filicudi was perhaps still inhabited during the Norman period, but the only certainty is man’s effort to tame the wild and hostile power of nature over the centuries.